Grade 6
In Grade 6, instructional time should focus on four critical areas:
1. Connecting ratio and rate to whole number multiplication and division and using concepts of ratio and rate to solve problems.
2. Completing understanding of division of fractions and extending the notion of number to the system of rational numbers, which includes negative numbers.
3. Writing, interpreting, and using expressions and equations.
4. Developing understanding of statistical thinking.
Grade 6 Overview
Mathematical Practices
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

Ratios and Proportional Relationships
 Understand ratio concepts and use ratio reasoning to solve problems.
The Number System
 Apply and extend previous understandings of multiplication and division to divide fractions by fractions.
 Compute fluently with multidigit numbers and find common factors and multiples.
 Apply and extend previous understandings of numbers to the system of rational numbers.
Expressions and Equations
 Apply and extend previous understandings of arithmetic to algebraic expressions.
 Reason about and solve onevariable equations and inequalities.
 Represent and analyze quantitative relationships between dependent and independent variables.
Geometry
 Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving area, surface area, and volume.
Statistics and Probability
 Develop understanding of statistical variability.
 Summarize and describe distributions.
Grade 7
?In Grade 7, instructional time should focus on four critical areas:
? 1. Developing understanding of and applying proportional relationships.
? 2. Developing understanding of operations with rational numbers and working with expressions and linear equations.
? 3. Solving problems involving scale drawings and informal geometric constructions, and working with two and threedimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume.
? 4. Drawing inferences about populations based on samples.
Grade 7 Overview
Mathematical Practices
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

Ratios and Proportional Relationships
 Analyze proportional relationships and use them to solve realworld and mathematical problems.
The Number System
 Apply and extend previous understandings of operations with fractions to add, subtract, multiply, and divide rational numbers.
Expressions and Equations
 Use properties of operations to generate equivalent expressions.
 Solve reallife and mathematical problems using numerical and algebraic expressions and equations.
Geometry
 Draw, construct and describe geometrical figures and describe the relationships between them.
 Solve reallife and mathematical problems involving angle measure, area, surface area, and volume.
Statistics and Probability
 Use random sampling to draw inferences about a population.
 Draw informal comparative inferences about two populations.
 Investigate chance processes and develop, use, and evaluate probability models.
Grade 8
?In Grade 8, instructional time should focus on three critical areas:
? 1. Formulating and reasoning about expressions and equations, including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation, and solving linear equations and systems of linear equations.
? 2. Grasping the concept of a function and using functions to describe quantitative relationships.
? 3. Analyzing two and threedimensional space and figures using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence, and understanding and applying the Pythagorean Theorem.
Grade 8 Overview
Mathematical Practices
1. Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them.
2. Reason abstractly and quantitatively.
3. Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others.
4. Model with mathematics.
5. Use appropriate tools strategically.
6. Attend to precision.
7. Look for and make use of structure.
8. Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning.

The Number System
 Know that there are numbers that are not rational, and approximate them by rational numbers.
Expressions and Equations
 Work with radicals and integer exponents.
 Understand the connections between proportional relationships, lines, and linear equations.
 Analyze and solve linear equations and pairs of simultaneous linear equations.
Functions
 Define, evaluate, and compare functions.
 Use functions to model relationships between quantities.
Geometry
 Understand congruence and similarity using physical models, transparencies, or geometry software.
 Understand and apply the Pythagorean Theorem.
 Solve realworld and mathematical problems involving volume of cylinders, cones and spheres.
Statistics and Probability
 Investigate patterns of association in bivariate data.