Information on Special Education

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Created by Department of Public Instruction EC Department.  Offers a plethora of information about parents? legal rights according  to IDEA and other federal requirements.          

Special Education Process


IEP Meetings

This handout provides information about IEP Meetings and offers tips for parents on how to participate.

Definitions & Acronyms commonly used in Special Education

Adapted from the Handbook of Parents Rights (see below for a link to the full handbook).

Areas of Disability ? Following are the areas of disability under IDEA and the acronyms used by the State and LEAs:

AU ...........Autism Spectrum Disorder

DB ...........Deafness-Blindness

DD ...........Developmental Delay

DF ............Deafness

ED ............Serious Emotional Disability (Sometimes the acronym SED is used.)

HI ............Hearing Impairment (Also called hard of hearing.)

ID ............ Intellectual Disability

MU .......... Multiple Disabilities

OHI .........Other Health Impairment

OI ............Orthopedic Impairment

SI .............Speech and/or Language Impairment (Sometimes the acronym SLI is used.)

SLD ......... Specific Learning Disabilities (Sometimes the acronym LD is used.)

TBI ...........Traumatic Brain Injury

VI .............Visual Impairment, including Blindness

Children?s Developmental Services Agency (CDSA) ? The lead agency in North Carolina for infants and toddlers, ages birth through two (0?2).

Child with a Disability (CWD) or Student with a Disability (SWD) ? A child evaluated in accordance with Policies 1503-2 through 1503-3 as having one of the disabilities listed above and who, by reason of the disability, needs special education and related services.

DEC ? On the special education forms DEC means Division of Exceptional Children. LEAs are not required to use the State forms and may use their own.

? DEC/Prior Notice Invitation to Conference - Parent

? DEC/Prior Notice Invitation to Conference - Student Over 18

? DEC/Prior Notice Invitation to Conference - Student Under 18

(May also be used for students over 18 who are incompetent or unable to make educational decisions.)

? Request to Excuse IEP Team Members

? DEC 1 Special Education Referral

? DEC 1 (2a and 2b of 4) Preschool Referral Concerns

? DEC 2 Consent for Evaluation-Reevaluation

? DEC 3 Eligibility Determination, includes the following worksheets: AU worksheet, DB worksheet, DD worksheet, Deaf-HI worksheet, SED worksheet, ID worksheet, MU worksheet, OHI worksheet, OI worksheet, SI worksheet, SLD RtI worksheet, SLD discrepancy worksheet, TBI worksheet, and VI worksheet


- DEC 4 worksheet 1 for Deaf and HI

- DEC 4 worksheet 2 for extended school year (ESY)

- DEC 4a Secondary Transition

- DEC 4b Related Services Support Plan

? DEC 5 Prior Written Notice

- DEC 5a Prior Written Notice - Discipline

? DEC 6 Consent for Services

? DEC 7 Reevaluation

? Manifestation Determination worksheet

? Private School Services Plan

Due Process Hearing ? A due process hearing is a formal hearing, which is guaranteed under federal and state special education law, before an impartial Administrative Law Judge.

Exceptional Children Division (EC Division) ? The EC Division is responsible for ensuring the implementation of federal and state laws about special education.

Evaluation ? The procedures used to determine whether a child has a disability and the nature and extent of the special education and related services that the child may need.

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act ( FERPA) ? The law that protects the confidentiality of educational records.

Free appropriate public education (FAPE) ? Education and related services are based on the unique needs of the child with a disability. Special education and related services must be provided without cost to the parents and according to standards of the Public Schools of North Carolina, Department of Public Instruction, for children in preschool, elementary, secondary, or public charter schools in the State and according to an individualized education program (IEP).

Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA) ? IDEA is the federal special education law.

Individualized Education Program (IEP) ? An IEP is a written statement for a child with a disability that is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with the federal regulations and Policies through which the child receives a FAPE.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE) ?- The IEP Team must consider educating a child with a disability in an environment that is appropriate for that child. Some children are educated in a more restrictive environment than others due to the significance of their needs.

Local Educational Agency (LEA) ? Any school program conducted by a public school or agency and approved by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. In North Carolina , this includes county, city, and charter schools and State-operated programs.

NC Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI) ? NCDPI is North Carolina ?s State Educational Agency (SEA).

Placement ? In special education placement is used in two different ways:

a. That a child has been determined to be eligible for special education and related services; and

b. The level on the continuum of services, which means the amount of time the student will be removed from his/her nondisabled peers.

Placement does not mean the location of services.

Reevaluation ? This is a review process and does not necessarily mean testing.

Related Services ? These are supportive services that are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education.

Special Education ( SPED ) ? SPED is specially designed instruction, provided at no cost to the parent, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.

Special Education Laws ? These laws include the federal statute, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA); accompanying federal regulations; Article 9 of NC General Statutes 115-C; and North Carolina Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities.

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