Created by Department of Public Instruction EC Department. Offers a plethora of information about parents? legal rights according to IDEA and other federal requirements.
Special Education Process
This handout provides information about IEP Meetings and offers tips for parents on how to participate.
Definitions & Acronyms commonly used in Special Education
Adapted from the Handbook of Parents Rights (see below for a link to the full handbook).
Areas of Disability
? Following are the areas of disability under IDEA and the acronyms used by the State and LEAs:
...........Autism Spectrum Disorder
............Serious Emotional Disability (Sometimes the acronym SED is used.)
............Hearing Impairment (Also called hard of hearing.)
............ Intellectual Disability
.......... Multiple Disabilities
.........Other Health Impairment
.............Speech and/or Language Impairment (Sometimes the acronym SLI is used.)
......... Specific Learning Disabilities (Sometimes the acronym LD is used.)
...........Traumatic Brain Injury
.............Visual Impairment, including Blindness
Children?s Developmental Services Agency (CDSA)
? The lead agency in
for infants and toddlers, ages birth through two (0?2).
Child with a Disability (CWD) or Student with a Disability (SWD)
? A child evaluated in accordance with
1503-2 through 1503-3 as having one of the disabilities listed
above and who, by reason of the disability, needs special education and
? On the special education forms DEC means Division of
Exceptional Children. LEAs are not required to use the State forms and
may use their own.
? DEC/Prior Notice Invitation to Conference - Parent
? DEC/Prior Notice Invitation to Conference - Student Over 18
? DEC/Prior Notice Invitation to Conference - Student Under 18
(May also be used for students over 18 who are incompetent or unable to make educational decisions.)
? Request to Excuse IEP Team Members
? DEC 1 Special Education Referral
? DEC 1 (2a and 2b of 4) Preschool Referral Concerns
? DEC 2 Consent for Evaluation-Reevaluation
? DEC 3 Eligibility Determination, includes the following
worksheets: AU worksheet, DB worksheet, DD worksheet, Deaf-HI worksheet,
SED worksheet, ID worksheet, MU worksheet, OHI worksheet, OI worksheet,
SI worksheet, SLD RtI worksheet, SLD discrepancy worksheet, TBI
worksheet, and VI worksheet
? DEC 4 IEP
DEC 4 worksheet 1 for Deaf and HI
DEC 4 worksheet 2 for extended school year (ESY)
DEC 4a Secondary Transition
DEC 4b Related Services Support Plan
? DEC 5 Prior Written Notice
DEC 5a Prior Written Notice - Discipline
? DEC 6 Consent for Services
? DEC 7 Reevaluation
? Manifestation Determination worksheet
? Private School Services Plan
Due Process Hearing
? A due process hearing is a formal hearing, which is guaranteed
under federal and state special education law, before an impartial
Administrative Law Judge.
Exceptional Children Division (EC Division)
? The EC Division is responsible for ensuring the implementation of federal and state laws about
? The procedures used to determine whether a child has a
disability and the nature and extent of the special education and
related services that the child may need.
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act
? The law that protects the confidentiality of educational records.
Free appropriate public education (FAPE)
? Education and related services are based on the unique needs
of the child with a disability. Special education and related services
must be provided without cost to the parents and according to standards
of the Public Schools of North Carolina, Department of Public
Instruction, for children in preschool, elementary, secondary, or public
charter schools in the State and according to an individualized
education program (IEP).
Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA)
? IDEA is the federal special education law.
Individualized Education Program (IEP)
An IEP is a written statement for a child with a disability that
is developed, reviewed, and revised in accordance with the federal
through which the child receives a FAPE.
Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
?- The IEP Team must consider educating a child with a
disability in an environment that is appropriate for that child. Some
children are educated in a more restrictive environment than others due
to the significance of their needs.
Local Educational Agency (LEA)
? Any school program conducted by a public school or agency and
approved by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction. In
, this includes county, city, and charter schools and State-operated programs.
NC Department of Public Instruction (NCDPI)
? NCDPI is
?s State Educational Agency (SEA).
? In special education placement is used in two different ways:
a. That a child has been determined to be eligible for special education and related services; and
b. The level on the continuum of services, which means the
amount of time the student will be removed from his/her nondisabled
Placement does not mean the location of services.
? This is a review process and does not necessarily mean testing.
? These are supportive services that are required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education.
) ? SPED is specially designed instruction, provided at no cost
to the parent, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.
Special Education Laws
? These laws include the federal statute, the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Improvement Act (IDEA); accompanying federal
regulations; Article 9 of NC General Statutes 115-C; and North Carolina
Policies Governing Services for Children with Disabilities.